Mental health effects of natural and human-made disasters. Community disasters, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Alcohol abuse, Psychological distress, Survey research 1. Psychological sequelae of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City.
These differences can affect psychological outcomes among populations highly exposed to terrorist acts Norris, Friedman, Watson, et al. We also note that although many studies reported findings on PTSD, many of these were conducted using checklists.
Personal control and stress and coping processes: Data and methods The data for the present study come from a 2-wave panel study of English or Spanish speaking adults living in NYC on the day of the WTCD and on the day of their interview. First, we present descriptive statistics for the five outcome variables discussed.
Second, the person had to re-experience the event in one of five ways Criteria Bavoid stimuli associated with the event in three of seven ways Criteria Cand have increased arousal in two of five ways Criteria D. Using the responses to these two questions, we classified all respondents as follows: As previously described Boscarino, Adams et al.
In summary, the degree of exposure, social factors, individual history, and other factors are believed to play a significant role in determining the impact of traumatic stressors and should be considered in evaluation efforts Boscarino, In the US, alcohol is readily available, most adults consume alcohol annually, and this substance is by far the most widely abused National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, The posttraumatic stress disorder field trial: Education, gender, and marital status were dummy coded, as non-college graduate versus college graduate, male versus female, and not married versus married including living togetherwith non-college graduate, male, and not married used as the reference category.
A sampling weight was developed for each wave to correct for potential selection bias related to the number of telephone numbers and persons per household, and for the over-sampling of treatment-seeking respondents.
Of these, 23 were cross-sectional and 5 were longitudinal see Table 1. Int J Emerg Ment Health. We dummy coded responses, so that a yes to either question indicated a history of anti-social behavior, with none being the reference group.
Consistent with previous reviews i. Psychological impairment in the wake of disaster: Our alcohol consumption measure was based on the number of drinks per month, which was the combination of two survey questions. Based on an examination of the frequency distribution, we coded respondents into three groups no life events, one life event, and two or more life eventswith no life events used as the reference category.
A national survey of stress reactions after the September 11,terrorist attacks. Telephone assessment of depression severity. In a later serial cross-sectional study of NYC residents, the prevalence was estimated to be 2.
These studies typically involved recruitment of very large samples through either systematic or convenience sampling. To meet the PTSD criteria in our study, a person first had to be exposed to a traumatic event Criteria A1 and then experience intense feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror Criteria A2.
All W2 interviews occurred between October and February N Engl J Med. However, our results also show that there was a statistically significant increase in the amount of alcohol consumed during this period. Discussion Terrorism and Mental Health Although large-scale terrorist acts commonly result in great human and physical destruction, the goal of the attackers, by design, is much broader.
This corroborated the previous finding of Galea et al. That is, exposure to psychological trauma may be related to substance abuse because these experiences often result in adverse psychological symptoms e. Los Angeles County after the civil disturbances: In multivariate models controlling for demographic factors, other stressor exposures, social psychological resources, and history of anti-social behavior, we found that greater exposure to the World Trade Center disaster WTCD was associated with greater alcohol consumption at 1 year and 2 years after this event.
All of the demographic variables reflected W1 data, unless the data were missing e.
All were cross-sectional studies that reported on data collected within the first two years after the attacks. Personal versus telephone surveys for collecting household health data at the local level.Aug 10, · Credit Raymond McCrea Jones/The New York Times.
Charles Figley, professor of disaster mental health at Tulane University ’s School of Social Work and a former Marine, advanced the concept of PTSD in a book on Vietnam War veterans.
He said one reason the trauma had been so hard to shake was that it ripped at the most ordinary fabric of daily life. Sep 12, · News about Sept. 11,including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times.
To assess this, we analyzed alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and alcohol dependence among a random sample of New York City adults 1 year and 2 years after the September 11 attacks.
• Research on Trauma and PTSD in the Aftermath of 9/11 • PILOTS Update National Center Divisions Executive proximately 2, people were killed in the attacks, 16 times more people than died in the Oklahoma that PTSD symptom reactions were prevalent in the New York City area after the September attacks and showed that both.
A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF SEPTEMBER 11, ON THIRD AND ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS By Carissa Kaproth A Research Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the because of the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington D.C.
The study also.
An Investigation of the Psychological Effects of the September 11,Attacks on New York City: Developing and Implementing Research in the Acute Postdisaster Period - Volume 7 Issue 8 - Sandro Galea, David Vlahov, Heidi Resnick, Dean Kilpatrick, Michael J. Bucuvalas, Mark D. Morgan, Joel Gold.Download