Note the cooler waters caused by upwelling on the southwest coast of Africa and off the coast of Peru. Each reef is made up of irregular patches of algae, sessile invertebrates, and bare rock and sand.
Platform reef[ edit ] Platform reef Platform reefs, variously called bank or table reefs, can form on the continental shelfas well as in the open ocean, in fact anywhere where the seabed rises close enough to the surface of the ocean to enable the growth of zooxanthemic, reef-forming corals.
Coral reefs have been experiencing damage from different sources but in this case natural elements and anthropogenic events have lead to coral reef degradation.
Fishes play a vital role in the reefs food web, acting as both predators and prey. Many of the animals raised in mangroves migrate to coral reefs for food, spawning and habitat.
It is true to say that coral reefs are the greatest species that are in great extent being affected by disturbances from human activities as well as the natural threats.
Others are found in the deep ocean surrounding islands or as atollssuch as in the Maldives. Coral Reef Ecosystems What is Coral? In addition this also makes corals to develop weaker skeletons.
Hard corals Scleractiniasuch as brain, star, staghorn, elkhorn and pillar corals have rigid exoskeletons, or corallites, that protect their soft delicate bodies. By conducting the experiment in these two areas, we can determine the percentage cover of corals between different areas around the Island, how civilization has affected the health condition and the existence of coral reefs.
Soft corals Gorgonianssuch as sea fans, sea whips, and sea rods, sway with the currents and lack an exoskeleton.
Viewed on 17 July from http: The final width depends on where the sea bed begins to drop steeply. When they are environmentally stressed they lose much of the algae that gives them the colour along with other pigments. As Site 1 is located closer to the shoreline, the possibilities of interfering with human activities are automatically greater, which then have resulted a poor number of percentage covers of corals.
They are importance for subsistence, fisheries, tourism, shoreline protection, and yield compounds that are important in the development of new medicines.
For example, overfishing of herbivorous fish often results in increased growth of algae and sea grasses. Externally fertilized eggs develop during synchronized spawning.Coral Reefs: A Diverse Ecosystem Essay - Coral reefs are one of the oldest and the most diverse ecosystems in the planet; because of such matter, scientists coined coral reefs as ‘rainforests of the sea.
What is a coral reef? Coral reefs are one of the most biologically diverse ecosystems on earth, rivaled only by tropical rain forests. They are made up not only of hard and soft corals, but also sponges, crustaceans, mollusks, fish, sea turtles, sharks, dolphins and much more.
What is the coral reef ecosystem? The coral reef ecosystem is a diverse collection of species that interact with each other and the physical environment.
The numerous species residing and depending on coral reefs represent a bank containing the genetic diversity necessary for adaptation to changes in the environment. The Coral Reef Bleaching Environmental Sciences Essay.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd coral reefs are among the most biologically diverse places to be found. They may only cover a small percent of the ocean, about.2 percent, but more than 25 percent of the marine life resides there.
Though they may seem like a stable. Free Essay: The Ecosystem of the Coral Reef Coral reefs are among the most diverse and productive communities on Earth.
They are found in the warm, clear. It is because they are the most biologically diverse ecosystem on the planet. Coral reefs are second only to the great rain forest of the world.
Coral reefs are aptly and often referred to as “rain forest of the sea”, because of the diversity marine creatures that llived in coral reef. More about The Coral Reefs Essay.
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