In the above example, the employee shall put 2 hours of overtime every day only if he expects increase in his monetary incentives. They are not part of the job but relate to the environment or conditions in which the job is performed.
These are the needs to remain free from external dangers of war, destruction, accidents etc. It is the desire of a person to develop competence, power and independence. They pertain to desire to belong to a group to share our cultural, ethical and social values. They are related to the job itself or the job content.
They are also called maintenance factors, dissatisfiers or extrinsic factors; maintenance, because they maintain the level of performance on the job and any increase beyond this level does not motivate the employees; dissatisfiers, because their absence dissatisfy the workers and deteriorate their performance; and extrinsic because they are related to the work environment job context and not to the job content.
At the organisational level, managers can satisfy these needs by providing a good office layout and job titles.
If performance brings rewards to employees, it will provide them job satisfaction and motivation to perform better. These factors are shown on a single continuum ranging Motivation and salary essay dissatisfaction if they are absent to no dissatisfaction if they are present.
People with high achievement needs are normally good entrepreneurs but not good managers.
The cause of motivation; satisfaction of needs, seems to be quite logical, but the theory suffers from the following limitations: The figure indicates that physiological, safety, social and ego needs in part achieved through family status and not personal development can be satisfied through hygiene factors.
Change in job design can be brought through job enlargement and job enrichment. The power can be: He wants to influence the behaviour of others. There is only one set of factors that persuade or dissuade the people to work. The following conclusions are drawn by Porter and some other researchers: Different needs, at a point of time, constantly interact and even overlap each other.
Increase in salary, bonus and working conditions do not always motivate the employees to increase their efficiency. If workers are more interested in salary than recognition, their physiological or safety needs are stronger than the higher-order needs. The model, thus, states that the employee will be motivated to work if his efforts lead to positive performance which further leads to positive outcomes.
Porter -Lawler theory believes that job satisfaction does not lead to better performance but job performance increased production or sales leads to job satisfaction.
Safety and physiological needs are normally wanted to be satisfied together as any job requirement. Dissatisfaction is, thus, related to the environment in which people work. If individual action is not affected by any outcome, a routine behaviour, for example, which is neither followed by promotion or demotion, the valence shall be zero 0.
A manager who does not possess this need profile should develop it through training programmes which stimulate participants to set high goals, know their worth and learn from every day experiences.
As their absence does not dissatisfy the employees, they are provided to build motivation and high job satisfaction. They have similar impact on the behaviour of people as asserted by Maslow.
For example, action to earn money can satisfy various needs — physiological foodsecurity saving planssocial club membershipego running an NGO or self-actualisation setting challenging targets.
These needs inspire a person to develop to his maximum potential. If a person feels he is able to perform a task, he does so in the expectation of a reward intrinsic or extrinsic.
Middle and lower-level managers as they wish to rise further. The desire for money, for example, is always present in people. It has given insight into factors that managers should use to motivate the employees.
People can also satisfy two needs at a time. Acquired — Needs Theory: They are also, therefore, called satisfiers. He asked them two questions: These programmes help in expanding business, set up new units, add new product lines and make more profits. Herzberg found that presence of these factors provide no dissatisfaction to employees, that is, presence of these factors do not motivate the workers to perform better but their absence becomes a source of dissatisfaction.
The model can be depicted as follows: The need hierarchy and motivators that satisfy the needs is shown in the following figure: Factors which are dissatisfiers for some may be motivators for others.
Their absence provides no motivation but their presence provides high degree of motivation and job satisfaction.May 02, · To increase motivation, managers should let employees know that a part of their rewards (such as financial benefits other than the fixed salary) will be proportional with the performance.
Employees will try to have better results to have better rewards. Salary is the most important factor in motivating employees Motivation plays a significant part in a company in the modern society because only if employees are motivated can they be more productive.
In a company, managers usually take measures such as pay increase and promotion to motivate workers. The following essay will consider two basic motivation theories that attempt to answer the above questions. 2. Motivation The desire for a purpose creates behavior.
Motivation is to provide appropriate incentives to meet the needs of employees to behave according to the way the company wants. Essay on Pro Salary Cap Words | 11 Pages.
Essay on Motivation of Employees. Read this essay to learn about the Motivation of Employees. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Motivation 2. Model of Motivation 3. Increase in salary, bonus and working conditions do not always motivate the employees to increase their efficiency.
People want job satisfaction. Salary is not the most important factor in motivating employees The psychology of motivation is enormously complicated and there is a small part of it has been illustrated with any degree of guarantee.
Teacher's Salaries Essay; Motivation and Salary Words | 6 Pages. Introduction The majority of people on earth work either with or without salary (housewives, volunteers).
Why some of them work more and others less? Why some of them are happy in their jobs and others are not? The questions were puzzled managers and .Download