In the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean trade there was great difference in the developments of ship building. For example, the Indian Ocean ship builders would make the ships by piercing and tying planks of wood and then caulking them together with bitumen.
Railroads reached their maturity in the early 20th century, as trains carried the bulk of land freight and passenger traffic in the industrialized countries of the world. This shows that these traders built their ships stronger and sturdier to withstand rough seas.
The development of containerization has made the railroads more effective in handling finished merchandise at relatively high speeds. Via Maris Via Maris, literally Latin for "the way of the sea,"  was an ancient highway used by the Romans and the Crusaders.
Venice broke diplomatic relations with Portugal and started to look at ways to counter its intervention in the Indian Ocean, sending an ambassador to the Egyptian court.
The advent motor vehicles created a demand for better use of highways.
The Trans-Siberian Railway was intended to be used by the Russian government for control of Manchuria and later China; the German forces wanted to establish Berlin-Baghdad Railway in order to influence the Near East; and the Austrian government planned a route from Vienna to Salonika for control of the Balkans.
A consistent shift from land based trade to sea-based trade has been recorded since the last three millennia. There are exported from these places spikenard, costus, bdellium, ivory, agate and carnelian, lycium, cotton cloth of all kinds, silk cloth, mallow cloth, yarn, long pepper and such other things as are brought here from the various market-towns.
The route allowed traders along the route to establish a direct prosperous trade with Byzantium, and prompted some of them to settle in the territories of present-day Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.
Venetian merchants distributed then the goods through Europe until the rise of the Ottoman Empirethat eventually led to the fall of Constantinople inbarring Europeans from important combined-land-sea routes. From there, overland routes led to the Mediterranean coasts.
Shortly before the 12th century the Germans played a relatively modest role in the north European trade. Maritime Republics Genoese red and Venetian green maritime trade routes in the Mediterranean The economic growth of Europe around the yeartogether with the lack of safety on the mainland trading routes, eased the development of major commercial routes along the coast of the Mediterranean.
In addition, the introduction of piggyback flatcars, in which truck trailers are transported long distances on specially-designed cars, has allowed railroads to regain some of the business lost to trucking.
Modern road networks[ edit ] High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. The replacement of Greece by the Roman empire as the administrator of the Mediterranean basin led to the strengthening of direct maritime trade with the east and the elimination of the taxes extracted previously by the middlemen of various land-based trading routes.
These traders, as we can see, made strong ships to withstand more beating in rough seas. This shows that the people of the Indian Ocean trading system are far more complex in their technique of shipbuilding than the Mediterranean.
Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicutbut the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east-west trade.
The Railway act of England compelled at least one train to a station every day with the third class fares priced at a penny a mile. Although railroads have lost much of the general-freight-carrying business to semi-trailer trucks, they remain the best means of transporting large volumes of such bulk commodities as coal, grain, chemicals, and ore over long distances.
However, the Portuguese successfully intercepted and destroyed the Ottoman Armada.Transcript of compare and contrast trade routes The Silk Road Indian Ocean Trade Mediterranean Sea Trade The Silk Road expanded miles across China, Central Asia, northern India, and the Parthian and Roman Empire.
There was much diversity between Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean trade. For example, in the Mediterranean, sailors used square sails and long banks oars to maneuver among the sea's many islands. Europe and Asia were reconnected through a series of trade routes known as the Silk Roads, which included several maritime routes that connected the Mediterranean and Red Seas to the Indian Ocean.
Start studying World History - Trade Routes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Indian Ocean - Major belief system spread. spread of Islam via Muslim Diaspora.
Indian Ocean - Ways people traveled.
Mediterranean played a huge part in the outbreak and spread of the plague across. Transcript of Trade Routes On the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean trade route was a great source for trading wealth. They were transported to the silk road and Indian Ocean by ships from Western Europe, Northern Africa and the Byzantine Empire.
There was much diversity between Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean trade. For example, in the Mediterranean, sailors used square sails and long banks oars to maneuver among the sea's many islands. But the traders of the Indian Ocean .Download